When we talk about Tuscany
can we do not think of its worldwide famous red wine called Chianti Wine
besides of the beauties starting from arts, history, and architecture? Its intense flavor, which enhances the goodness of traditional Tuscan recipes at best, is usually linked to the beauty of Chianti Region and the surrounding area: gentle hills, rows of cypresses, hectares of vineyards or many farmhouses where people can taste wine and relax in a special environment.
Where it is produced
The region of Chianti Hills
is the main production area of this wine. This is one of the most popular and beloved areas in Tuscany and Italy, because of this unique wine and the amazing landscapes, so that foreign visitors have started buying houses or spending their holidays there, giving birth to the so-called Chiantishire.
"Colline del Chianti" (Chianti Hills) is a hilly region located in the provinces of Florence
including 8 municipalities, very famous for the production of Chianti Classico: Greve in Chianti, Barberino Val d'Elsa, Tavernelle Val di Pesa, San Casciano in Val di Pesa, Castellina in Chianti, Radda in Chianti, Gaiole in Chianti and Castelnuovo Berardenga.
Nevertheless, Chianti wine can be produced in other areas in the provinces of Arezzo, Pisa, Pistoia, and Prato as well. With the new laws, the Chianti denomination is usually accompanied by the name of one of the production areas: Colli Aretini, Colli Senesi, Colli Fiorentini, Colline Pisane, Montalbano, Rufina, Montespertoli.
History & how it is made
The origins of the name Chianti are unsure, but the good qualities of wine production in this area have been well known since the Etruscan or the Roman age. The first mention of Chianti wine dates back to the thirteenth century, and in the sixteenth century, thanks to Cosimo I de Medici, the first areas of Chianti production were detected. In 1800, Chianti got the DOC
appellation, which was replaced by the prestigious DOCG
appellation in 1967.
The grape varieties that are used for producing Chianti wine are Sangiovese, Canaiolo, Trebbiano, Malvasia Bianca, Sauvignon, and Merlot. The quantities can vary according to the different types of Chianti, but Sangiovese always represents the highest percentage, from 75 to 100%. Chianti must age for at least 11 months in oak barrels, while Chianti Riserva (the aged version, which is nobler and more refined) must age for at least 24 months, 3 of which in bottles.
Qualities & how it looks like
Chianti wine is ruby and bright red, with an intense wine aroma. The flavor is dry and smooth, with slight scents of tannins. Chianti, Chianti Classico, and Chianti Riserva have got unique and refined characteristics, thanks to the fertile production regions and accurate production techniques. In fact, the DOCG denomination strictly regulates the techniques of cultivation of the vineyards and the production of Chianti wine.